SHYAM
Bhagavad Gita classes

 

Jai ShreeKrushna!

 

Class 135: Immanuel Kant's teaching of there being two types of the intellect: pure reason and practical reason. Pure reason is the pure intellect, which the Gita calls the intellect fixed in determination. And practical reason is the practical intellect, which the Gita calls the intellect not fixed in determination. (chapter 18 verses 29 to 35) 
  • Why buddhi (the intellect) and dhruti (steadiness) are very important in order to win wealth.
  • Immanuel Kant's teaching of there being two types of the intellect: pure reason and practical reason. Pure reason is the shubdha buddhi (pure intellect), which the Gita calls the vyavasātmikā buddhi (the intellect fixed in determination). And practical reason is vyahavār buddhi (the practical intellect), which the Gita calls vāsanātmika buddhi or the avyavasātmikā buddhi (the intellect not fixed in determination).
  • A study of the Katho Upanishad about the intellect being the charioteer in our lives.
  • The intellect which knows action and non-action, what ought to be done and what ought not to be done, what is to be feared and what is not to be feared, what binds and what frees the soul that intellect, is of the nature of "goodness".
  • The difference between pravruti (action) and nivruti (nonaction). King Janak as the ideal example of one who attained success through pravruti (action) and Sukhdevji, Sanakādik (the Sanatkumars), Rshbdevji (whose story is in the fifth canto of the Shrimad Bhagavad) and others as ideal examples of those who attained success through nivruti (non-action).
  • An intellect should also be able to differentiate between kārya (what ought to be done) and akārya (what ought not to be done).
  • The two types of time: our own time and the time of society.
  • That intellect by which one knows in a mistaken way the right and the wrong, what ought to be done and what ought not to be done- that intellect, is of the nature of "passion".
  • A study of the poem Māras by Bhagavati Kumar Sharma about people always being in a state of "to be or not to be".
  • That intellect which, enveloped in darkness, conceives as right what is wrong, and sees all things in a perverted way (contrary to the truth), that intellect is of the nature of "dullness".
  • If this intellect goes in an upwards direction then it is able to investigate the soul. Otherwise the intellect goes two steps down and leaves the body and mind to run after objects. If it holds on to objects when there is a necessity then this is a different thing but if it constantly thinks about objects then the intellect becomes matter. A study of the mindset of the demon Hiranyakasipu from the Shrimad Bhagavad.
  • Thinking about objects is the opposite of thinking about the soul. This is because while this thinking objects is going on then spiritual thinking cannot take place and while spiritual thinking is not taking place then development cannot take place and liberation remains far away.
  • The four strengths and the three weaknesses of the intellect.
  • The unwavering steadiness by which, through concentration, one controls the activities of the mind, the life breaths and the senses, that, is of the nature of "goodness".
  • If there is an insect in a village and it is holding onto a big piece of jaggery and is stuck onto it then if you try to pick up the insect and pull it then the insect itself will break into pieces but it will not leave the jaggery. In the same way, the seeker who does not give up his goal, Dharma or his path even if his life goes, such a resolve is called a dhruti (steadiness) of the mode of sattva (goodness).
  • Psychologists say that what a person constantly thinks about, he pulls that towards him. The importance of positive thinking.
  • The steadiness by which one holds fast to duty, pleasure and wealth desiring the fruit in consequence thereof- that, is of the nature of "passion".
  • That steadiness by which a fool does not give up sleep, fear, grief, depression and arrogance, that, is of the nature of dullness.
  • An experiment on how to get rid of your worries.
  • The difference between steadiness and forcefulness.

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