SHYAM
Bhagavad Gita classes

 

Jai ShreeKrushna!

 

Class 134: The story of the last moments of Socrates' life and how he passed away with a feeling of being a witness and with utter self-consciousness (chapter 18 verses 22 to 28) 
  • That wisdom which clings onto one single activity, body or any one thing as if it were the whole and becomes attached to that, without having a goal in life or without a concern for the cause, without a purpose, without grasping the real and without thinking whether something is right or wrong, and narrow, is of the mode of tamas (dullness).
  • The three faults of wisdom of the mode of tamas (dullness).
  • An action which is obligatory, which is performed without attachment, without attraction or repulsion by one undesirous of fruit, that is said to be of "goodness".
  • The difference between actions and karmas.
  • In many small matters of life it should so happen where one goes from intense action to soft action, from soft action to intense action, and Shree Krushna goes even further than this by saying that one can go even from subtle action to inaction. This is when there is no action at all, and it happens by itself. This is the Supreme Truth.
  • That action which is done in great strain by one who seeks to gratify his desires or is impelled by self-sense, is said to be of the nature of "passion". Professor Radhakrishnan's commentary on this topic.
  • The story of how Socrates drank the cup of poison with a feeling of a witness and with utter self-consciousness.
  • The action which is undertaken through ignorance, without regard to consequences or to loss and destruction and without regard to one's human capacity, that is said to be of "dullness".
  • The doer who is free from attachment, who has no speech of egotism, full of resolution and enthusiasm and who is unmoved by success or failure- he is said to be of the nature of "goodness".
  • A story from Kālidās' about the importance of being free from egotism. The greatness of the Mother Goddess Saraswati.
  • Why a kartā (doer) should be full of dhruti (resolution) and ustaha (enthusiasm).
  • The doer who is swayed by passion, who eagerly seeks the fruit of his works, who is greedy, of harmful nature, impure, who is moved by joy and sorrow- he is said to be of "passionate" nature.
  • All the scientific development that has taken place, this has taken place because of the nature of a kartā (doer) of the mode of rajas (passion) and because of the increase of the mode of rajas (passion).
  • The doer who is unbalanced, vulgar, obstinate, deceitful, malicious, indolent, despondent and procrastinating, he is said to be of the nature of "dullness".

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